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Full text of "IMPROVED FISHING-SEINE FOR DEEP WATER - United States Patent 647"

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United States Patent Office.


Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 647, dated March 
21, 1838.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Russell Evarts, of Madison, in the county of 
New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and 
Improved Fishing-Net or Seine, to be used in the open sea or in 
deep water independent of the shore or bottom, and the mode and 
manner of using it, of which the following is a specification.

The object of this invention is to form a seine which may be 
successfully used in taking fish which usually run in shoals and 
often at a great distance from shore, where ordinary nets cannot 
be used. This I have effected by a moating seine suspended and 
extended on a frame resting on tow-boats, the frame forming three 
sides of a square open in trout. The bottom and sides of the 
seine are formed of meshes of suitable size for the fish intended 
to be taken. The size of the frame and of the bottom for ordinary 
use may be about fifty feet square. The bottom of the seine is 
calculated to sink by leaden weights about five or six feet below 
the surface of the water, and is there suspended, horizontally by 
the sides, turned up, and hooked to the frame.

The seine is moved by towing-boats attached to both sides, the 
front and rear of the seine being open until a shoal of fish is 
perceived. The rear is then closed and made fast to the frame. 
The leading tow-boat on each side then, returning to the seine, 
follows the � and raises the front apron, and thereby incloses 
the fish, and by gathering in the seine subjects them to easy and 
expeditious disposition by scoops or otherwise.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, 
I will more particularly describe its several parts and their use 
and the mode of operation, premising that the seine described is 
calculated for white fish, otherwise called "bony fish," or for 
mackerel, or other fish of that size; and on the same principle, 
with larger and stronger meshes, it may be used for porpoises or 
any other fish, and the size of the frame and of the seine, may 
vary as occasion may require.

The frame of my seine forms three sides of a square open in 
front. Each side is about fifty feet long and may be made of tour 
pieces of scantling of the length of the side. Two bar pieces are 
laid for the bottom about twelve inches apart. Short pieces of 
scantling are laid across, the top pieces are laid upon them, and 
bolted through each cross-piece. The sides of this frame are 
connected with the rear iron hinges or eyes, with a bolt at the 
corners, as seen in the drawings, Figured, A. A. This frame is 
supported on float-boats about twelve feet long, shaped like a 
whaleboat, with a covered deck and water-tight, the frame 
resting, about two feet above the water, on a pivot or spindle 
rising, well braced, from the deck, and passing through a 
cross-bar of iron on tin frame, strengthened by bracing-bars, the 
length of the boat on each side of the frame, as seen in Fig. �. 
Two such floats support the frame on each side and two under the 
rear part of the frame, as seen in Fig. I, �. The cross-bar which 
receives the spindle from the floats under the rear part of the 
frame is braced by a ciicular bar whose diameter is the length of 
the float. � which the end of the float may be made fast in the 
direction required, as seen in Fig. 1, �. The floats under the 
side frames are attached to the frame at each end and their end 
to run in the line of the frame. The sides are set a little 
flaring and held in place by ropes as seen in Fig. �, � I).

The seine is composed of meshes of twine, as usual for nets, 
having a bottom of net-work the size of the frame calculated to 
rest, or to move hoizontally for six feet (more or less) under 
water, supported by the sides, turned up, and fastened by hooks 
or otherwise to the frame, and held in place by leaden weights at 
their junction with the bottom, as seen in Fig. 1, E E.

When this seine is put in motion the real end is nnliooked from 
the frame and is held in a horizontal position with '-the bottom, 
as seen iii Fig. 1, F. by cords connected with the frame, ami 
by-which it can be drawn to its place on the frame when required. 
The front is disleft open when in motion, but may be'doscil by an 
apron, as seen in Fig. 142st.

This seine is moved forward by two toWrbeiits

iii a line, attached to each side. These boats

arc of the size and shape of whale-boats, about

twenty-five feet long. Kach boat is manned

with four men. with muffled oars, and moved in a line straight 
comwith disthe flare of the side to *comeratioii andddfrom disone 
distant place'to anotherwhich 'they: are 'attaeheininful, as 
seeii in Fig'. 1, be iiiccthe following easy and comexpeditions 
uniuuer: IIII. Lineinin-artvexte4ideU from the front apron ' The 
seine is rolled up, beginning at tlm front, of the seine to each 
1ot'"the leading towing- and as ft rolls is detached from the 
sides and boats, as seen at T T. As soon as a, shoal of ! is 
placed iipoii the rear dissection of the frame, fish is seen 
entering the seine a signal is given'! All the rowing-boats are 
then attached to the by a person standing on the rear section of 
the I front end of one of the sides and the whole frame, uiid he 
at the'suine time raises the apron bar move 'in one. line comto 
the place of operation, and behind and secures it to the frame, 
while at j when tlieiu all the parts are quickly displaced in the 
same time the leading low-boat on each ! the order specified for 
use.. . line, easting off its tow-line, turns in toward ! Fur 
further illustration I refer to the drawthe seine, following in 
the lish and drawing ings accompanying this disspecification as 
part in the line of the front apron, and by that stthereof. com; 
- ' .

raising the apron to its place, and thereby. 1 do not claim as my 
invention the floats or inclosing the fish within the seine. The 
seine be the towing-boats as above described, nor a may then be 
gathered in by raising the bot-' net of twine in meshes in such 
form as those torn in front by means of rin caret sor loops'lixed 
in common use: but

on the bottom for that purpose.' These, rings What I do claim-z 
my invention is are to be hooked upon the sides as they are 1. 
The form of the seine substantially as gradually drawn 
distogether in front, and there : specified caret and the 
combination of the several interlocked and secured, giving 'ffthe 
frame be known materials and. parts necessriry to its a 
triangular form. The lish inclosed may construction, as'stated 
above, then be taken from I he seine by scoops and, 2. The 
nieihod of taking fish thereby 1inwit'li the aid of a crane 
erected, on the rear ! deep water iudejie'disident of. the bottom 
of the section of the frame, emptied into a scow or bar water or 
of 'the shore, in the. manner and by other receiving-vessel. (Sec 
Fig's. 1 and 2, 1C.) ! the means above specified.

If it shall be found necessary or useful, a bar In testimony 
whereof I subscribe this instruconimon net with leaden weights 
may beat- j ment April (greater-than , 1S3'ea7.

tached to diseach towing-iine todddirect the course': ' RUSSELL E 
backslash  tilde AIBLETS.

of the shoal into the boily of the seine. bar Witnesses: .

This seine, with all its appendages, may be i Simkon 

transported from the shore to the scene of op- j . Staddxtox

IST caret EES